The HPV vaccine and gynecological controls for the early detection of cervical cancer, the fourth most common cancer among women, are helping to save the lives of many women.
El cervical cancer, Also called ccervical cancer y cervical cancer, whose main cause in most cases is chronic infection of the Human papilloma virus, forms in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Despite the fact that early detection of cervical cancer has improved a lot in recent years and that it is a highly treatable cancer if diagnosed early, in the world more than 340.000 women died from the disease in 2020.
According to the World Health Organization, most deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries where women often have limited access to medical screening services, because even when women are tested, there can be a delay in several months before getting the result and, if they are positive, another delay before receiving treatment.
However, researchers have found that even in more economically advanced countries, many women, including those aware of the importance of screening, skip annual gynecological checkups because they are too busy.
"If you already have an advanced stage of cancer, the time it takes for treatment can be the difference between life or death," says Olivier Degomme, coordinator of a multidisciplinary project called ELEVATE, which is developing an easy-to-use, self-sampling, portable early detection kit to take to disadvantaged areas and to facilitate in workplaces in developed countries.
“The important thing is to make sure that the kit will reach women who might not otherwise be reached. And we can actually save lives, hopefully many lives," say the researchers.
When to make an appointment with your gynecologist
Women vaccinated against HPV are much less likely to develop cervical cancer, but even if they have received the vaccine, it is still It is very important to carry out annual gynecological check-ups from the age of 25 or earlier if they begin to have sexual relations.
During the annual gynecological check-up, we review the genital apparatus and the breasts, with special attention to the early detection of breast, uterine and ovarian cancer, as well as other pathologies such as endometriosis, polycystic ovaries or polyps in the uterus.
If our patients request it, at Women's CD we administer the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.
If you have any of the following symptoms, make an appointment with your gynecologist:
- Pain during menstruation
- Pain during sex
- Sensation of pressure in the pelvis
- Bloated feeling in the abdomen
- Need to urinate frequently
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Abnormal, prolonged or heavy bleeding and blood loss.