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El delivery It consists of the physiological process with which the woman concludes her pregnancy at term (between 37 and 42 weeks). It usually has a spontaneous onset and develops without complications until it ends with the birth. Childbirth is also known by the names of Delivery, Giving birth or Birth.

Signs of labor

The most common signs that you are in labor are:

  • Regular contractions that progressively repeat more often
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Loss of fluid or bleeding from the vagina
  • Pain in the back side of the back

If these signs appear it is important that you call the gynecologist immediately. Signs of labor can occur before the expected date of birth. The premature birth it can start before the 37th week of pregnancy is complete.

Stages of childbirth

Labor is divided into three stages.

First stage

Start with contractions and lasts until the cervix becomes thinner and dilated to about 10 centimeters wide. It is necessary to know that there are so-called Braxton-Hicks contractions or false childbirth.

These contractions soften and thin the cervix, which is the opening to the uterus that the baby passes through during birth. These contractions increase in the weeks before your due date.

With the Braxton-Hicks contractions:

  • You may feel tightening of the muscles of the uterus at irregular intervals or a feeling of tightness in the lower abdomen or groin.
  • Sometimes the pregnant woman will not notice the contractions, she will only feel a painless tightening. At other times, the contractions can be strong or painful.
  • They can come and go unpredictably and often appear in the afternoon or evening. They are more common when women are tired or have been physically active during the day.

Sometimes it can be difficult to distinguish between Braxton-Hicks contractions and true labor contractions. Labor is known to have started when:

  • You have strong, regular contractions, and between 5 to 10 minutes.
  • The break waters or break source. Water breakage or source rupture. This circumstance is produced by the rupture of the amniotic sac and is an unequivocal sign that labor contractions are going to begin and the baby will not be long in being born.

Second stage

Is the active stage, in which it begins to push down and in it the coronation occurs is when the head of your baby becomes visible. Shortly after the baby is born.

This stage begins when the neck is fully open (dilated) and ends with the birth of the baby. Your healthcare professional will tell you to start pushing to allow the baby to be born. This stage can last from 20 minutes to several hours if you are new mothers. Pressure may be felt in the rectum as the baby's head moves down the birth canal. You feel a need to push.

It may be that at the time of delivery the gynecologist makes an episiotomy that consists of a small cut to enlarge the opening of the vagina. Most women do not need this type of cut.

In this stage, the gynecologist will guide the baby's head so that it can exit through the birth canal and once the birth occurs, the umbilical cord is cut.

Third stage

In the third stage, the placenta, the organ that has supplied your baby with food and oxygen during pregnancy, is delivered through the umbilical cord. The gynecologist prepares the mother for this final stage in which contractions will be felt that will last 5 to 10 minutes after the baby is born. Chills or tremors may be felt and this stage can last 5 to 30 minutes until the placenta is delivered.

Mothers and babies are monitored during the process of delivery. Most women have their baby through a normal vaginal delivery. If complications occur, it may be necessary to deliver with surgery through a Caesarean section.

En Women's  We make this moment become a unique and endearing moment, supporting you in a comprehensive and respectful way thanks to our team of gynecologists specialists.

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