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World Pain Day 2021

World Pain Day

On October 17, World Pain Day is celebrated with the aim of promoting awareness of the need to continue searching for formulas that avoid or reduce the physical and emotional suffering of millions of people in the world.

Since 2004, promoted by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), the European Pain Federation (EFIC) and the World Health Organization (WHO), World Pain Day aims to sensitize both society as a whole and public and private institutions and bodies about the need to use the necessary resources to promote research and development. Pain treatment.

In 1978, the IASP defined pain as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with an actual or potential injury or described in terms of such injury."

In 2020, a group of IASP experts conducted a review of the term and established that pain was "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated or similar to that associated with actual or potential tissue injury."

Meanwhile, the Royal Academy of the Language (RAE) in its dictionary states that pain is a "annoying and distressing sensation of a part of the body due to internal or external causes" and also a "feeling of pain and anguish".

Whatever the definition adopted by the specialists, for those who suffer pain, it can become a very limiting experience that affects day-to-day family and partner relationships, decreases employment and economic possibilities, and causes unhappiness. , anguish and a feeling of helplessness.


Of the 9 million people in Spain who suffer chronic painaround 6 million are women.

Between 10 and 20% of women of childbearing age suffer endometriosis, a chronic disease that can manifest during the menstrual cycle with intense pain which often prevents the patient from leading a normal life.

The true incidence of the disease is unknown, because many women endure the pain caused by endometriosis for years without consulting a specialist.

Between 20 and 90% of girls and women of reproductive age suffer intense cramps and pelvic, abdominal pain and in the lower back before or during menstruationdysmenorrhea), a very common gynecological disorder that impacts and decreases the quality of life of women to the point that 30% suffer from symptoms severe enough to condition and limit their work, academic and family life.

Even today the pain suffered by many women is undervalued and underdiagnosed, because society tends to consider pain related to menstruation as something "normal" that must be endured without complaint.

"If you ask a woman" Between 0 and 10, how much does it hurt? " and responds "More than 4", doctors should not consider it a normal situation and we should investigate the origin of this pain, "says the Dr. Francisco Carmona, Head of the Gynecology Service of the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona and Scientific Director of Women's CD Gynecological Clinic. The disabling pain should not be normalized, but many times women are ignored because they are things that happen only to them, and we continue in a very macho society that sees normal that a woman can be three or five or more days days invalidated per month ”.

Therefore, if any of the following circumstances occurs, it is necessary to consult with the gynecologist:

  • Pain and cramps appear for the first time.
  • Pain and cramps get worse and become more intense or unbearable.
  • Pain and discomfort prevent you from developing your academic, work or family life.
  • You have a fever accompanying the menstrual pain.
  • You have pain even when you don't have your period.

Women's, by your side

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