Endometriosis affects around 8-10% of women in the general population, although its true incidence is unknown since symptoms often normalize.
En Women's Barcelona We have professionals with a high degree of specialization in the field, with extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of this pathology.
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What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a disease characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It is a benign disease and has a chronic evolution. It usually affects the abdominal cavity and occasionally can affect extra-abdominal organs such as the lungs.
Endometriosis can present different symptoms, as well as the presence of lesions in different degrees such as pain and infertility.
What are the symptoms?
Women who suffer from it frequently suffer from painful periods and intercourse, fertility problems, heavier periods and / or fatigue.
What are the causes?
The exact causes are not known, but it is known to be related to the lack of ability of the defense systems of some women to clean the blood that falls into the abdominal cavity during menstruation.
How is it diagnosed?
Although it is said that its diagnosis is difficult, the truth is that an adequate interrogation, taking into account the explanations of the patient, already guides the diagnosis. Gynecological examination performed by an expert, allows palpation of endometriotic implants, gynecological ultrasound, again performed by an expert, can also detect the presence of endometriotic cysts in the ovaries and other forms of endometriosis.
On April 18, 2021, a study of historical importance in the diagnosis of endometriosis was published. The study shows that systematic evaluation of endometriosis by transvaginal ultrasound can accurately replace diagnostic laparoscopy, mainly for deep and ovarian endometriosis.
Which is the treatment?
The therapeutic approach to endometriosis ranges from the use of gestagens, analogues of GNRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone), substances that act by preventing the production of certain hormones causing the interruption of menstruation, hormonal contraceptives, anti-inflammatories and analgesics to the laparoscopic surgery.
El Dr Francisco Carmona, in addition to being the Medical Director of Women's Barcelona, he is responsible for the Endometriosis Unit, he is also the Head of Gynecology at the Hospital Clinic where the Endometriosis Reference Unit is located, the first that was created in Spain in public health .
Graduated in Medicine from the University of Barcelona in 1982, specialist degree in Gynecology and Obstetrics in 1988 and Doctor's degree in 1991. His main areas of interest are endometriosis, benign gynecological pathology, including alterations of the pelvic floor. He is also a tenured professor at the University of Barcelona and a member of the Royal Academy of Medicine of Catalonia .
Dr Francisco Carmona
Women's Medical Director
Head of Gynecology at Hospital Clinic de Barcelona